1. Prepare cows properly for milking
This will lower risk of new infections by up to 70%. It involves use of iodophors, chlorhexidine, and quaternary ammonia. The teats should be dried before machine application. Single service paper towels should be used to avoid cross contamination between teats and among cows.
2. Adopting a good milking system
The milking equipment employed should be functioning properly, cleaned and properly maintained. The milking machine should have a stable vacuum. It is important to check for slipping of teat cup liners. Ensure you shut off vacuum before removing teat cups.
3. Apply & remove machine carefully
4. Dip each teat after milking with a germicidal teat dip
Post-dips seal the teat ends temporarily for 6 to 8 hours. This is an important practice for long term mastitis control.
5. monitor mastitis score regularly.
Take necessary action when there are significant increases.
6. Treat clinical cases.
This should be coupled with milk withdrawal.
7. Segregate chronic cases, milk them last, cull if necessary.
Many become reservoirs of infection.
Cure rate twice as high as during lactation
Lowers risk of mastitis during subsequent
9. clean cows and udders
Keep cows standing after milking – feeding
10. Properly feed & care for cows
Causes of Program Failure
Reasons for failure in effective hygienic measures
- Inefficient or dilute dip
- Infected water for udder cleaning
- Infected environment
- Microbial resistance: natural or acquired
- Low dose or insufficient antimicrobial use
- Inadequate treatment: low doses/MIC
- Insufficient culling pressure: chronic cases
- contaminate for long